Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic State, with roughly 18,000 islands encompassing the sixth-largest exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in the world. It is also the world’s fourth most populous nation with 40% of the population (roughly 100 million people) living near the coast. Indonesia also has one of the highest levels of marine biodiversity and the most fertile fishing grounds in the world, and is the second-largest fish producer after China, however wild catch in Indonesia has plateaued in recent decades.
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic State, roughly 18,000 islands encompasses the sixth-largest exclusive economic zone in the world, 54 716 km of coastline the second longest coastline in the world, and the world’s fourth most populous nation with 40% of the population (roughly 100 million people) lives near the coast.
A global hotspot and priority for conversation, Indonesia has one of the highest levels of marine biodiversity in the world. Its coastal and marine waters make up one of the most fertile fishing grounds in the world: Indonesia is the second-largest fish producer in the world after China. For instance, between 2005-2016, Indonesia in average contributes approximately 15% to the world’s tuna supply.
In terms of livelihoods, the wild capture fisheries employ approximately 2.7 million. Additionally, over 1 million workers are involved in the processing and marketing of fisheries products. Most Indonesian fishers are small-scale fishers, with vessels under 10 gross tons (GT). About 54 percent of the animal protein supply comes from fish and seafood. Per capita annual consumption has risen approximately 5-fold to 50.69 kg from 1970s to 2018.
As one of the main producers of seafood, Indonesia can play significant roles in shaping the governance and practice in global fisheries.
Country Project Objetives
The GMC project in Indonesia will directly benefit people whose livelihoods depend directly on the two target fisheries: Tuna and Blue Swimming Crab. The project will support the creation and implementation of a Multistakeholder Platform for Sustainable Fisheries, as a dialogue space for key stakeholders in the capture fisheries. This Platform will facilitate process to design, update and monitor a sustainable fisheries plan to pursue Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #14.
Specifically, the GMC Project in Indonesia will:
- Create and promote the institutionalization Multistakeholder Platform for Sustainable Fisheries led by the Ministry of National Development Planning/ BAPPENAS.
- Support the update and implementation of the National Tuna and Blue Swimming Crab National Management Plan coordinated by Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.
- Support the acceleration of Tuna and Blue Swimming Crab Fisheries Improvement Projects/FIPs to advance toward sustainable certification.
- Facilitate the availability of data and information for credible sourcing of sustainable seafood and development planning for the Indonesian fisheries sector.
Supported Fishery Improvement Projects (FIP)
In addition, the project will support the implementation of Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs) for Yellowfin and Skipjack Tuna and Blue Swimming Crab fisheries.
Yellowfin Tuna Pole and Line FIP
The goal of this FIP is to transition Indonesian one-by-one tuna fisheries to Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Full Assessment within 5-years. To date, this FIP has accomplished several actions delineated in its work plan, and the GMC project will support the FIP by helping to develop the Harvest Strategy and Control Rules for Indonesian Archipelagic Waters, measures to minimise unwanted catch of and interactions with Endangered, Threatened and Protected species; mapping FAD usage and its impact to the habitat, and review of national and provincial regulations.
The Indonesia Yellowfin Tuna Pole and Line FIP is coordinated by AP2HI and IPNLF in partnership with the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and MDPI.
Fishery Progress Profile: Indonesia Western and Central Pacific Ocean yellowfin tuna – pole & line
Skipjack Tuna Pole and line FIP:
This FIP is closely tied to the previous FIP, and the GMC project actions to support the FIP are the same. The Indonesia Skipjack Tuna Pole and Line FIP is coordinated by AP2HI and IPNLF in partnership with the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and MDPI.
Fishery Progress Profile: Indonesia Western and Central Pacific Ocean skipjack tuna – pole & line
Blue Swimming Crab Trap FIP:
The goal of this FIP is to transition the Indonesia Blue Swimming Crab Fishery to MSC full assesment within the perscribed 3-years. To date, this FIP has accomplished several actions delineated in its work plan, and the GMC project support focuses on the development of Harvest Strategy and Control Rules; measures to minimise capture of non-target species; stock enhancement and restocking of blue swimming crab; improve compliance and traceability; and establish a Co-Management mechanism for the fishery through the creation of the Platform dialogue roundtable.
The Indonesia Blue Swimming Crab FIP is coordinated by APRI in partnership with Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.
Fishery Progress Profile:Indonesia blue swimming crab – gillnet/trap
National Project Coordinator