Tuna fisheries in Indonesia are of critical importance to the national economy. Between 2005-2016, Indonesia tuna production comprised approximately 19% of the total landings originating from national capture fisheries. To protect the long-term viability of the tuna fishery, the government of Indonesia is now working to establish sustainable management and conservation measures as guided by the FAO’s Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF).
As the 2015/2019 National Tuna Management Plan enters its final year, the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) facilitated a workshop to support the work of Directorate of Fish Resource Management at the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) on the Development of the draft National Tuna Management Plan 2020/2024. This workshop was organized with technical support from UNDP through the GEF-funded Global Marine Commodities Project.
“We need to ensure the alignment of this tuna management plan with the 2020/2024 National Mid-Term Development Planning process, and also ensure alignment with SDG14” said Dr. Sri Yanti, Director of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of BAPPENAS, who is also the National Project Director for the GMC Project.
45 stakeholders from MMAF, BAPPENAS, UNDP, representatives of Fisheries and Marine Agencies in the Provincial Government, Fishing Port Authorities, tuna industry associations (AP2HI, ATLI, HNPN, ASPERTADU dan ASTUIN), and NGOs (MDPI, WWF Indonesia, TNC and Hatfield) attended the workshop. Stakeholders discussed the identified issues, indicators, proposed actions, as well as a timeline and responsible parties to implement .
During the 4-days of workshop, stakeholders identified 534 actions that will be included in the 2020-2024 Draft National Tuna Management Plan. This Plan will be finalized by MMAF and is expected to be synergized with the 2020/2024 National Mid-Term Development Planning process to determine priority programmes in the capture fisheries over the next 5-years, ensuring the sustainability and competitiveness of Indonesia tuna fisheries.
As a coordinated effort to improve the management of Indonesian fishery resources, the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) officially launched its “Multi-stakeholder Platform for Sustainable Fisheries” as part of The Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities (GMC) project on Thursday, July 25, 2019.
Dr. Arifin Rudiyanto, Deputy Minister for Maritime Affairs and Natural Resources at BAPPENAS
“One of the most important aspects to achieving sustainable fisheries in Indonesia is by effectively implementing a regional fisheries management (WPP) approach,” said Dr. Arifin Rudiyanto, Deputy for Maritime Affairs and Natural Resources at BAPPENAS. The launching event, held in Jakarta, Indonesia, was attended by various fisheries stakeholders including related ministries and agencies, local government, and the fishery industry, youth groups, and academics.
The GMC Project activities in Indonesia are coordinated by BAPPENAS with technical support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The multi-stakeholder platform is coordinated with efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially Goal 14 on Life Below Water.
Sri Yanti, Director for Marine Affairs and Fisheries- BAPPENAS
“With the complexity of the challenges faced and the characteristics of capture fisheries in Indonesia, this multi-stakeholder platform is needed to agree on a shared vision, formulate strategic efforts, and jointly oversee its implementation transparently”, said Dr, Sri Yanti, National Project Director for GMC Project who also serve as Chair of SDG-14 Working Group in the BAPPENAS.
“Collaboration of all parties along the fisheries supply chain – central and local government, academics, partner institutions, youth, women, and fishers – is needed to achieve a just, independent, competitive, and sustainable Indonesian fishery,” said Sri Yanti. Speaking at the launching event, Yanti invited active participation from all fisheries through the multi-stakeholder platform to collaboratively develop a 5-year strategic program for sustainable fisheries.
In addition, the GMC project is working directly to support Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs) in pole and line tuna as well as the blue swimming crab fishery so that these fisheries can meet internationally recognized sustainability standards in the next 1-2 years. It is expected that these two sectors of fisheries will generate lessons learned and a model for the multi-stakeholder platform in developing policy direction and in improving the sustainability of Indonesia’s fisheries.
Indonesia Multi-stakeholder Platform for Sustainable Fisheries.
The launching was followed by panel discussion with participation from Mr. Askabul Kijo, Head of Fisheries Agency from Southeast Sulawesi Province, Mrs. Janti Djuari, chair the tuna pole and line and handline industry association, who explained urgency for collaboration, Mr. Yudi Nurul Ihsan, coordinator of University network for SDG Goal-14 and Mr. Adrianto chair of Center of Excellence SDG Goal-14 from IPB University. The panelists discussed the lesson learned on governance mechanisms for fisheries management, and strategies to maintain sustainability and effectiveness of the multi-stakeholder platform.
The GMC project is an interregional initiative implemented by the Ministries and Bureaus of Fisheries, Production and Planning of Costa Rica, Ecuador, Indonesia and Philippines, with technical support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), facilitated by the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) and funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
For thousands of years, fishing has supported the many towns and villages built along the banks of the Galician Rias, or fjord-like bays that spread inland from the Atlantic Ocean in this hilly landscape in northwestern Spain. In 2017, Galicia reported more than 200,000 metric tons of total seafood landings, which represents more than 500 million Euros in sales. Over 70% of seafood consumed in Spain comes off the 4,400 registered fishing vessels in Galician ports, where the industry employs approximately 4.6% of the active population
In a place whose cultural identity and the economy is so closely tied to the fishing sector, it is a government priority to ensure that fish and marine invertebrate stocks are harvested responsibly and sustainably. To prevent overexploitation of the fishery resources, the regional authorities have worked in close coordination with scientists, fisherfolk and the private sector to design management systems that are now internationally recognized for their effectiveness.
The people and institutions involved in these successful systems shared their experiences, best practices and knowledge with public and private sector delegations from the three countries that receive support from the Global Marine Commodities (GMC) Project in an in-situ peer-to-peer knowledge exchange event organized by project facilitating partner, Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) from June 26-28 2019.
“In Galicia, it is very important to properly plan for effective fisheries management. This management consists of three interacting elements,” said Marta Villaverde Acuña, Deputy Director of Fisheries and Seafood Marketing, Regional Government of Galicia.
“The first element is to have scientific data regarding the status of fisheries stocks; the second is that there must be structured mechanisms for consulting fisherfolk and arriving at a consensus about management measures; and the third is that managers consider the social and economic impact of fisheries management measures and strive to guarantee the long-term sustainability of fisheries activities.” Marta Villaverde Acuña, Deputy Director of Fisheries and Seafood Marketing, Regional Government of Galicia.
Those three “elements” were common themes throughout the peer-to-peer knowledge exchange. Ecuadorian, Indonesian and Philippine representatives from the fisheries and planning government agencies, as well as from the private sector were given the opportunity to interact directly with fisheries regulators from the Galician government, with port authorities who monitor and collect data about fish catch and sales, and with fisherfolk from Cofradias,or local fishing development organizations who participate in management plan construction.
The Cofradias were a focus point of the trip, as they represent a unique model of fisherfolk organization that participates directly in decision making regarding the management of Galician fish and marine invertebrate stocks.
“In the Philippines, similar to the Cofradias, the Technical Working Groups (TWG) are the bodies or platforms that serve as a venue where government entities and fisherfolk can discuss about fishery management activities,” said Rafael Ramiscal, Chief of the Capture Fisheries Division of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR).
The Cofradias and Cofradia federations have been granted territorial fishing rights by the government of Galicia, and are actively involved in setting harvest quotas, monitoring fishing effort and catch, establishing bans and deciding on the distribution of fishing effort. Through its engagement with the cofradias, the Galician government has been able to effectively involve the private sector in management decision making, thereby improving compliance and facilitating data collection.
Viviana Jurado, a biologist from the Ecuadorian National Institute of Fisheries (INP), attended the learning exchange and commented that the event helped reinforce the importance of public-private partnerships to establish good fisheries management plans.
The INP is the Ecuadorian government agency in charge of studying and monitoring fish stocks within Ecuador’s national jurisdiction, and Jurado is currently working on an innovative partnership with the EcuadorianSmall Pelagic Fishery Improvement Project to study the Small Pelagic Fishery stocks.
“Galicia presents a model to learn from, in which there is a very good organization of small-scale fishers in cofradias, who are considered by the regional administration in decision-making,” said Enrique Alonso, Latin America Fisheries Director for SFP.
“The Ecuadorian industry is noticing that independent of which country you are talking about, all the participants here follow the same technical guidelines for fisheries monitoring and research,” Jurado said. “I hope to see the private sector representatives return to Ecuador and share this vision with their industry partners.
Participants were also able to visit several different lonxas or controlled seafood auction centers where catch data is collected, and artisanal and industrial fishers are provided a space to sell their catch to first buyers. At thelonxas, participants learned about thePesca de Galicia electronic system, which was established by the regional government as a tool to collect data about fishing activities in the Galician jurisdictional waters.
Through thePesca de Galicia online system, fisherfolk register their fishing journeys, fishing gear utilized, location of catch, total sales by species and other data in designated ATM-like computer stations located at fishing ports across the region. The system can also provide updates to fishers regarding fishery or area closures.
“Our platform ensures that we collect good information at the first sale of the seafood product, which allows us to trace the product from the location it was caught or collected and further along the supply chain,” Acuña said.
“It also ensures that we have reliable and constantly updated information about our fisheries to inform sectorial decision making. For example, the platform can help Sardine fishers track how far along they are toward reaching their total allowable catch of say 40 tons in a season. Once a week the fishers can log in to the system and check the total sum of sardines that he/she has sold this season to make sure they do not pass their limit.”
Rommel Soto, from the Philippines Cephalopods Producers and Exporters Association, said he was impressed with the Pesca de Galicia platform, which facilitates data-informed adaptive management of the Galician fisheries.
Participants also had the opportunity to share their strategies for addressing challenges related to starting up, implementing and funding the distinct Fisheries Improvement Projects (FIPs) and national platforms (dialogue working tables) supported by the GMC Project.
Regarding the national platforms, Ramiscal commented that“with support of the GMC project, the Blue Swimming Crab and the Octopus Technical Working Groups have institutionalized a form of consultative fisheries management where any management measure is constructed together as a group. This helps improve fisherfolk adoption and compliance with management measures.”
Marinelle Espino, from the Philippine Association of Crab Processors (PACPI), is overseeing the implementation of the Blue Swimming Crab FIP in the Philippines that receives support from the GMC Project. Espino said the primary challenge facing her FIP, which has existed for more than 4 years, is that many of the actions that have been taken to date by the FIP do not necessarily respond to the MSC pre-assessment of the fishery.
After listening to GMC project partners present their experiences from the three countries, Rahmat Malianda, Deputy Director of the Fisheries Division from the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) of Indonesia, said that he realized the importance of two elements for better fisheries management.
“First, the importance of stock assessment data for management decisions, and second, that it is very important to institutionalize dialogue with the sector,” Malianda said. “Venues such as the national platforms are the perfect place to achieve this.”
The knowledge exchange event in Galicia provided managers and seafood company representatives with ideas, tools, and models to adapt to their own contexts. Participants expressed their excitement to return to their respective countries and share their new knowledge with colleagues who participate in the GMC Project-facilitated sustainable marine commodity platforms.
Optimization of production, improvement of post-harvest, and governance are three focus areas for addressing root cause in marine fisheries in Indonesia.
These focus areas are discussed in the focus group discussion on experts input to analyze findings of the root cause analysis towards sustainable fisheries in Indonesia led by the Ministry of National Development Planning/BAPPENAS.
This analysis is part of the process towards the operationalization of an inclusive multi-stakeholder platform to coordinate the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals, especially Goal 14: Life Below Water.
Since they were adopted at the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2015, Indonesia has embraced the Sustainable Development Goals. The Government has shown strong commitment and taken early actions, including linking most of the SDGs targets and indicators to the national mid-term development plan (RJPMN).
The signing of the Presidential Decree no 59/2017 on SDGs implementation was a major milestone, which established the national SDG governance structure and mechanisms for planning and budgeting, monitoring and reporting. While the Ministry of National Development Planning/BAPPENAS leads Government’s efforts in bringing the new agenda to both the national and sub-national levels, the Decree also gives a clear role to non-Government actors such as civil society, the private sector, philanthropy, and academic institutions.
Goal 14: Life Below Water.
As a commodity, fisheries sustainability can effectively be achieved if government align their stakeholders behind a shared vision for the future of the fisheries sectors and engage and commit all actors in efforts to generate change.
Through Indonesia’s SDG governance structure, a multi-stakeholder platform on SDG 14 will be operationalized to bring together government, fishers, civil society groups and the private sector in a safe space to coordinate action to tackle the root causes limiting the sustainability of a fisheries sector in Indonesia.
The root cause analysis will be finalized based on the inputs from experts and presented in the plenary meeting of the multi-stakeholder platform for sustainable fisheries in the mid-2019.
Through theGlobal Sustainable Supply Chain for Marine Commoditiesproject funded by GEF, UNDP supports the Government of Indonesia to operationalize a multi-stakeholder platform on sustainable fisheries, as well as to generate lesson and model for improving fisheries sustainability through Fisheries Improvement Projects in tuna and blue swimming crab fisheries.
En la búsqueda de acceso a mercados de consumo responsable, los sectores productivos y exportadores pesqueros de Costa Rica lanzaron una nueva iniciativa para promover una pesca sostenible en las aguas del pacífico costarricense.
Se trata del primer Proyecto de Mejora Pesquera (FIP por sus siglas en inglés) de Costa Rica para atún, dorado y pez espada que permitiría aspirar en el 2023 a una certificación del Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), una entidad independiente que premia a las pesquerías que adoptan prácticas de pesca sostenible.Hasta 2018 más de 228 pesquerías en todo el mundo han sido certificadas con la certificación MSC, equivalente a 10 mil millones de toneladas de 141 especies distintas, un 14% de la captura mundial. Esta es la primera vez que Costa Rica inicia un proceso similar.
Para cumplir con los estándares que les permita alcanzar una certificación MSC, este FIP ha desarrollado un plan de trabajo de cinco años, en el cual paulatinamente se introducirán mejoras en la pesca de las tres especies, tanto en pesca de palangre como en el uso del llamado palo verde o green stick, un arte de pesca complementario que utilizan las flotas pesqueras de pequeña, mediana y avanzada escala.
Artes de pesca de palangre (derecha) y palo verde (izquierda) en Costa Rica.
Para los próximos 5 años de ejecución de este plan de trabajo se propone mejorar la pesquería de atún, dorado y pez espada, hacer reformas de conservación, impulsar mejoras y avanzar en la gobernabilidad y capacidad de gestión pesquera en Costa Rica. Este FIP, además, es uno de los pocos que abarca a toda una flota nacional.
Delegación de Costa Rica en el Foro Seafood Expo North America.
“El FIP de pelágicos grandes de Costa Rica constituye un paso más que el país da en su esfuerzo por promover una pesca sostenible y un paso necesario para llegar a mercado internacionales de consumo responsable, que cada vez más exigen el cumplimiento de estándares de sostenibilidad. Nuestro compromiso como pescadores es aplicar mejores practicas y contribuir con la implementación de este proyecto de mejora pesquera como lo hemos venido haciendo con otras iniciativas similares desde el 2004”, explicó Mauricio González Director Ejecutivo de las organizaciones pesqueras de Costa Rica.
El FIP para estas especies pelágicas en Costa Rica se desarrolla como resultado de los alcances de la Plataforma Nacional para la Pesca de Grandes Pelágicos Sostenibles, que se desarrollo en el marco del proyecto Cadenas Mundiales Sostenibles de Productos del Mar. Esta plataforma multisectorial impulsó un diálogo democrático e innovador dirigido a abordar los principales desafíos de sostenibilidad de las pesquerías de grandes pelágicos en el país y en el que participaron autoridades de Gobierno, pescadores, exportadores, representantes de la academia, cooperación internacional, restaurantes y supermercados entre otros.
Lanzamiento del Plan Nacional de Acción para la Pesca de Grandes Pelágicos, Costa Rica.
La acción prioritaria de FIP es el plan de manejo de la pesquería de dorado, atún y pez espada que implica contar con: objetivos biológicos para estas tres especies, generar procesos de toma de decisiones efectivos participativos, diseñar mecanismos de seguimiento, control y vigilancia para el cumplimiento de las medidas de gestión de la pesquería con un proceso de monitoreo y evaluación del desempeño del sistema que está público en línea.
La mayor parte de las capturas del Pacífico costarricense de grandes pelágicos como el atún, dorado y pez espada son destinadas a la exportación. El 95% de las exportaciones de dorado van hacia Estados Unidos, siendo también este país el principal destino del atún, de ahí la relevancia de presentar este proyecto en ese escenario.
Es por esta razón que la Cámara Nacional de Exportadores de Productos Pesqueros y Acuícolas (CANEPP) ha hecho una importante apuesta por esta iniciativa.
Ana Victoria Paniagua, Directora Ejecutiva de CANEPP Costa Rica.
“Hemos hecho un gran esfuerzo por mejorar la competitividad de los productos pesqueros de Costa Rica asegurándonos procesos de trazabilidad claros y transparentes que le den a los compradores internacionales la garantía de que nuestro pescado proviene de fuentes sostenibles. Es un proceso en el que seguimos trabajando y este FIP nos abre las puertas a este mercado” aseguró Ana Victoria Paniagua, Directora Ejecutiva de CANEPP.
Precisamente, un primer paso para llegar a esos compradores fue dado en marzo pasado cuando una delegación de pescadores, exportadores, oficiales de cooperación internacional y socios de del proyecto presentaron los avances de esta iniciativa en la Feria Internacional Seafood Expo North America, un evento que reunió a más de 20.000 visitantes y actores clave de la cadena comercial de productos del mar provenientes de más de 57 países.
El Plan de trabajo del FIP de atún, dorado y pez espada plantea una serie de acciones concretas que tanto pescadores, exportados y la autoridad de pesca se han comprometido a implementar en los próximos cinco años.
Acerca del proyecto GMC Cadenas Mundiales Sostenible de Productos del Mar (GMC por sus siglas en inglés), un proyecto interregional implementado por los Ministerios y Oficinas de Pesca, Producción y Planificación de Costa Rica, Filipinas, Indonesia y Ecuador. Su implementación es facilitada por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD), con el soporte técnico de Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP); y financiamiento del Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial (GEF por sus siglas en inglés).
Philippines, Quezon City— Octopus commodity producers and exporters, together with the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP), and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), banded together in support of the formation of the Philippine Cephalopods Producers and Exporters Association (PCPEA).
PCPEA was formed to address mid and long-term sustainability problems of the Octopus supply chain in the Philippines. This move was initiated under the BFAR-UNDP project: Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities (GMC-PHI), supported by the Global Environment Fund (GEF) and implemented by the BFAR – Capture Fisheries Division.
Philippine Cephalopods Producers and Exporters Association Meeting
“Sustainability of the fishery is everyone’s concern,” BFAR Region 9 Director and Octopus Technical Working Group Chairman, Isidro Velayo said “PCPEA is a testament to the joint aspiration of public and private partnership to work hand-in-hand in finding ways to help manage, protect and conserve our resources for the next generation”.
Upon unanimous vote by its board, Mr. Romel Sotto of Seachamp International Exporter Inc. will serve as the PCPEA President and represent the group at the upcoming Global Octopus Supply Chain Roundtable (GOSR) meeting in Boston, Massachusetts this 18 March 2019. The GOSR is a network of international octopus buyers that regularly meets to discuss priorities, actions and progress related to the integration of sustainability in Octopus fisheries across the globe. It is led by GMC Project partner SFP. PCPEA will present to the GOSR its proposed fishery improvement project that will operate within the framework of the upcoming BFAR-supported Octopus Commodity National Management Plan for sustainability.
The current seventeen (17) company membership of PCPEA includes: Seachamp, Seaglory, Crustacean Trading, HJR, Super Royal, Bluefin, Millenium, Sanmar, Ozean 8, Agri Aquatic Care, Aquatic Ace, Cinmic Industrial, Triton, YL Fishing, Central Seafoods, PUFFI, and Makran Trading.
About GMC Project
The Global Sustainable Supply Chains for Marine Commodities (GMC) project contributes to the transformation of the seafood market by mainstreaming sustainability in the value chain of fishery commodities from developing countries. This initiative achieves this goal by employing and strengthening emerging tools such as corporate purchasing policies, sustainable marine commodity platforms, and fisheries improvement projects (FIPs). The GMC project is an interregional initiative implemented by the Ministries and Bureaus of Fisheries, Production and Planning of Costa Rica, Ecuador, Indonesia and Philippines, with technical support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), facilitated by the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) and funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF).